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June 2016

Hot, Wet New York Summers

Kids.in.rain

 

During the summer months clouds, thunderstorms or winds coming off the ocean often prevent temperatures from rising into the 90s.  However, there are occasional stifling days when high temperatures and thunderstorms co-exist, creating tropical conditions that wouldn't be out of place in Bangkok or Manila.  On average New York experiences about four of these days every year; most occur in July and August.  These downpours are usually of short duration (15 minutes up to a few hours).  This post takes a look at some of these summertime days that featured a combination of wicked heat as well as heavy rainfall. 

 

In the summer of 2019 the most tropical conditions were experienced on July 17.  On that day a severe thunderstorm between 8-9 PM dumped more rain (1.14") than what fell in the previous three weeks.  Earlier in the day sauna-like conditions prevailed as the dew point reached the mid-70s, the temperature rose to 93° and the heat index reached 105°.  It also appeared today would be one of those rare summer days with a low of 80°+, but when tonight's storm moved in the temperature dropped to 73°.  Rain continued after the initial storm, adding an additional 0.68", making this the wettest day of the year.  This moisture was from the remnants of what was hurricane Barry, which had flooded Louisiana earlier in the week. 

 

Three days have had highs of 100° or hotter and thunderstorms:

  • July 18, 2012 - High/Low of 100°/73°. 1.76" of rain fell from  severe thunderstorms that moved through between 2:30 and 5:00; most of the rain fell in the two hours between 2:40 and 4:40.  By 4:00 the temperature had fallen to 73°.  Before the storms moved in the heat index was close to 110° and during the early part of the thunderstorms the dew point was in the mid-70s.
  • July 21, 1991 - High/Low of 102°/74°.  0.46" of rain fell during a thunderstorm between 6-7 PM.  The heat index was between 105° and 110°.
  • July 14, 1954 - High/Low of 100°/69°.  0.37" of rain fell during thunderstorms between 10:30 PM -12:30 AM.  This was also the rainiest day of a dry July.

 

The following six days had hot temperatures and more than two inches of rain (ranked in descending chronological order):

  • Aug. 14, 2005 - High/Low of 96°/72°.  After the high temperature was reached around 2:30 PM three thunderstorms between 3 PM and 1 AM dumped 3.10" of rain.  The storm between 7-8 PM produced 1.70" (with nearly an inch falling in a 20-minute period) while the third storm dumped 0.83" between 10-11 PM.  Dew points were in the low to mid-70s and the heat index rose to 104° in the early afternoon.
  • Aug. 8, 2007 - This hot, wet day was different from the others in that torrential rain fell at dawn.  2.50" poured down between 5-7:00 AM, flooding (and shutting down large portions of the subway system).  And a tornado touched down in Brooklyn.  After a low of 73° the temperature rose to 90° in the afternoon.

 

Torrential rainstorm august 8 2007

 

  • July 21 , 1983 - High/Low of 95°/69°.  The 2.26" of rain that fell in the evening became known as the 'Diana Ross Thunderstorm' because it forced Ross to stop her free concert in Central Park when a severe storm bore down shortly after her performance began.  The rain fell heavily for three hours, from 6:30 until 9:30.
  • Aug. 26 1941 - On a day that had a high/low of 93°/68°, 2.30" of rain fell, most of it between 6:15 and 8 PM.  The day before 1.83" of rain in the early afternoon, but the high was only 75°.
  • July 1, 1933 - After a high of 94°, a heat index in the low 100s and dew points in the low 70s, 2.16" of rain poured down between 8:25 (when the temperature was 88°) and 10:45 PM.
  • June 27, 1932 - High/Low of 90°/72°.  Much of the day's 2.11" of rain fell between 8:00 and 10 PM, but there was also a quick downpour between 5:00 and 6 PM.  During the first half of the afternoon the dew point was in the mid-70s.  

 

And here are other days with highs mostly in the mid-to-upper 90s along with significant rainfall:

  • July 22, 2020 - High/Low of 92°/72° and 1.42" of rain, most of which fell between 6:30 and 7:30 PM during a severe thunderstorm.  The day's low had been 77° but fell into the low 70s during the storm.
  • July 25, 2016 - High/Low of 93°/73° and an inch of rain, which fell from 2:45 until 5:45 PM. During the thunderstorms the dew point rose to 77°
  • July 30, 2015 - A sultry high/low of 87°/76° was accompanied by a series of downpours and thunderstorms that produced 1.95" of rain between 1:00 and 5:00 PM.  During a 20-minute period between 1:24 and 1:44 an inch of rain poured down.  Afternoon dew points were in the oppressive mid-70s and the heat index reached the mid-90s before the rain moved in.J
  • July 7, 2012 - High/Low of 97°/72° and 0.50" of rain.  The rain fell during a late thunderstorm between 10 PM and midnight.
  • July 18, 2006 - High/Low of 95°/71° and 0.69" of rain.  Most of the rain was measured between 10-11 PM.
  • Aug. 2, 2002 - High/Low of 97°/70° and 0.70" of rain.  0.42" poured down in a 15-minute period between 8:15 and 8:30 PM.
  • July 8, 1994 - High/Low of 94°/73° and 0.82" inches of rain.  Much of the rain (0.70") fell from a thunderstorm between 3-4 PM.
  • Aug. 28, 1993 - High/Low of 95°/71° and 0.53" of rain.  All of the rain fell in an hour between 5-6 PM.
  • July 23, 1991 - High/Low of 99°/72° and 0.53" of rain.  A thunderstorm between 5:30 and 7 PM brought all of the rain.
  • July 17, 1988 - High/Low of 94°/71° and 1.21" of rain.  A strong thunderstorm dumped an inch of rain in an hour between 6:30 and 7:30 PM.  Earlier in the day there had also been showers in the wee hours of the morning.
  • July 1, 1971 - High/Low of 94°/73° and 1.56" of rain.  Thunderstorms moved in after 3 PM, with much of the rain falling from two storms between 3-4:00 (0.42") and 6-7:00 (0.65"). 
  • July 18, 1969 - High/Low of 94°/77° and 0.88" of rain.  All of the rain poured down in the hour between 4-5 PM.
  • Aug. 7, 1955 - High/Low of 93°/73° and 0.97" of rain.  The rain fell from a mid-afternoon thunderstorm between 3-4 PM and a nighttime thunderstorm between 9:30-midnight.
  • July 28, 1949 - High/Low of 97°/77° and 1.10" of rain.  (No hourly information is available for this month.)
  • Aug 16, 1944 - High/Low of 96°/73° and 0.88" of rain.  The rain fell between 5:30-8:40 PM.  This was the seventh day in a row with a high of 95° or hotter (and tomorrow would be the eighth).
  • July 11, 1940 - High/Low of 92°/67° and 1.94" of rain. (No hourly information is available for this month.)
  • July 7, 1934 - High/Low of 97°/74° and 0.83" of rain.  Rain fell during two thunderstorms between 8-9 PM and midnight-1 AM.  (The National Weather Service doesn't recognize Daylight Time and uses Standard Time year-round for its official records.)  Before the storms moved in the humidity was around 45% range but then jumped above 90% once the clouds opened up.
  • July 28, 1931 - High/Low of 97°/78° and 0.26" of rain.  The heat index was around 100°, and just before a mid-afternoon thunderstorm moved in it was in the low 100s as the humidity rose from 40% to 80%.  The rain fell in a short period of time, between 4:05 and 4:40 PM.
  • July 13, 1916 - High/Low of 94°/70° and 0.97" of rain.  Two thunderstorms produced the rain, between 4-5 PM and 6-8 PM.  Shortly before the storms moved in the dew point was an incredibly uncomfortable 80° and heat index at 3 PM was a wicked 112°.

 

For an entire summer, the hottest and wettest summer is that of 1991.  It was the 12th hottest and had 15.86" of rain (average amount is 12.50").  Second is the summer of 1983 which was fifth hottest and had 13.48" of rain.  Other warm and wet summers include 2011, 2006 and 1984.

 Heat and Rain

 

Rain forest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Weathermen as Portrayed in Movies & TV Shows

Jan23.2016.blizzard

 

In the eyes of their loyal viewers, TV weathermen, who are watched on a daily basis (often for years), are already stars.  But movies and TV shows occasionally cast Hollywood stars as weathermen/ladies, sometimes even in leading roles.  Here are thirteen roles, nine from movies and four from TV shows, that came to mind.  Six of the movie weathermen had leading roles as did two of the TV roles.  (I invite you to add to the list.)

 

LA Story (1991) - Steve Martin portrayed zany Los Angeles weatherman, Harris K. Telemacher.  This comedy was well-received by critics, boasting a 94% on Rotten Tomatoes (only one movie on this list has a higher score).  It grossed $29 million ($61 million when adjusted for inflation).

 

Steve martin in LA Story 

 

Groundhog Day (1993) - Bill Murray portrayed Pittsburgh weatherman Phil Connors.  The movie made $71 million at the domestic box office ($147 million adjusted for inflation) and had a spectacular Rotten Tomatoes score of 96%.

 

Bill murray groundhog day

 

To Die For (1995) - Nicole Kidman portrayed villainous New Hampshire weather lady Suzanne Stone, who aspires to network TV stardom.  This indie film movie grossed $21 million ($41 million when adjusted for inflation) and was a favorite of critics, with an 87% Rotten Tomatoes score.

 

Nicole kidman weather lady

 

Lucky Numbers (2000) - John Travolta portrayed Russ Richards, a Harrisburg, PA weatherman who wins the lottery.  The movie was panned (22% Rotten Tomatoes score) and grossed just $11 million.

 

John travolta weatherman

 

The Perfect Storm (2000) - Christopher McDonald portrayed Boston meteorologist Todd Gross.  Despite a sub-par Rotten Tomatoes score of 47%, the movie grossed $183 million in the US ($290 million adjusted for inflation)

 

Christopher.mcdonald.the.perfect.storm

 

Bruce Almighty (2003) -Jim Carrey portrayed Bruce Nolan, a weatherman on a local cable station in Buffalo who is given one week to play God.  Not a big hit, it grossed $48 million at the box office and had a Rotten Tomatoes score of 48%.

 

Jim carrey in bruce almighty

 

Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy (2004) - Steve Carell portrayed dim San Diego weatherman Brick Tamland and he reprised the role nine years later in Anchorman 2.  The first Anchorman grossed $85 million and had a Rotten Tomatoes Score of 66%.  The second's gross was double that of the first and its Rotten Tomatoes score improved to 75%.

 

Steve carell weatherman

 

The Weather Man (2005) - In this drama Nicolas Cage portrayed Chicago weatherman David Spritz who, despite a troubled home life, is hired for a job in New York.  It grossed $19 million, with a Rotten Tomatoes core of 58%.

 

Nicolas.cage.weather

 

Vacation (2015) - Chris Hemsworth portrayed horse hung Arkansas weatherman Stone Crandall.  Despite a Rotten Tomatoes score of 26% the movie grossed $106 million.

 

Chris hemsworth weatherman role

 

HONORABLE MENTION

In the movies Twister (1996) and The Day After Tomorrow (2004), Helen Hunt and Tamlyn Tomita played meteorologists, but weren't on-screen weather personalities.  Both films were big hits.  Twister grossed $242 million in the US ($470 million adjusted for inflation) and was the second most popular movie of 1996.  (However, despite a 60% Rotten Tomatoes score, it was awarded the Golden Raspberry for movies that grossed more than $100 million).  The Day After Tomorrow pulled in $186 million ($257 million after inflation).

 

Helen hunt in twister
Twister

 

Tamlyn tomita _ the day after tomorrow
The Day After Tomorrow

 

TV SHOWS

The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970-77) - John Amos played Minneapolis weatherman Gordon "Gordy" Howard for ratings challenged WGM-TV. 

 

Gordy weather man_mary tyler moore show

 

Just Our Luck (1983) - In this flop ABC sitcom, Richard Gilliland played Keith Burrows, a weatherman at KOPC-TV in Venice, CA who buys a bottle he broke at a flea market which turns out to be the home of a male genie named Tabu.  (Note: Venice is part of the Los  Angeles TV market and has no TV stations of its own.)

 

Just our luck tv show

 

Welcome to New York (2000) - In this very shortlived CBS comedy, Jim Gaffigan played a TV weatherman (whose name was also Jim Gaffigan) from Ft. Wayne, Indiana hired for a morning news show in New York.  The show lasted less than one season.

 

Jim gaffigan as weatherman

 

Back to You (2007-08) - Another unsuccessful sitcom, this Fox show (starring Kelsey Grammar and Patricia Heaton) had Ayda Field in the role of Pittsburgh weather personality Montana Diaz Herrara (the joke was that her birth name was Sally Lerner).

 

Back to you fox tv show

 

Movie Role as TV Weatherman


Years With No Heat Waves

Heatwave

 

The official definition of a heat wave, established by the National Weather Service, is three or more days in a row with a high of 90° or hotter.  On average, a year has two hot spells like this, and the average heat wave lasts for four days.  The last year without one was in 2014.  Since records began in 1870 there have been 22 years without any, or about once every six or seven years.  (The most in one year was six, in 2010 and 1995).  Some other quick facts:

 

  • The longest gap between years with no heat waves is 28, between 1951 and 1979.  The only back-to-back years with no heat waves was in 1874 and 1875.  And there were one-year gaps in 1996-1998, 1902-1904, 1886-1884 and 1875-1877.
  • 1979 had the most 90-degree days without having a heat wave, 19.  (Average number of days in the 90s per year is 17).   Typically, a year with no heat waves averages seven 90-degree days.  
  • In the years with no heat waves the hottest reading was 97° in 1942.

 

Years With No Heat Waves