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June 2016 - The Dry Trend Continues

Month of juneJune 2016 was a rather dull weather month.  It was slightly warmer than average despite the fact that there were no days in the 90s (but ten days had  highs of 85° or warmer).  For the fourth month in a row precipitation was below average.  2.60" was measured in Central Park, which was 40% below average, making it the driest June in six years.  Half of the month's rain fell on the 4th and 5th.  Since March 1 precipitation has totaled about half of the typical amount, resulting in a deficit of 8.33" (9.13" vs. 17.46").  Because there wasn't a lot of rainy weather, 60% of June's days were either sunny or clear. 

 

This June was the tenth since 1900 to have no readings in the 90s after having 90-degree readings in April or May.  And of these Junes, 2016's was the warmest, 0.9 degrees above average, and 0.1 degree warmer than June 1990.  (And despite the absence of 90-degree readings the month was warmer than average because its high was 1.6 degrees above average while its low was right at the average.)  Two days had highs of 88°, but the day with the warmest mean temperature was June 21, which had a high/low of 87/72 (seven degrees above average).  Only five days were three degrees or more cooler than average.  The coolest reading was 52° and occurred on June 8, which also had the chilliest mean temperature, with a high/low of 67/52 (nine degrees below average). 

 

Finally, conditions on Father's Day and Gay Pride Day were nearly identical as Father's Day had a high/low of 88/66 while it was 87/67 on Gay Pride Day.  And both days were rain free and skies mostly clear.

 

 

June 2016


46.june2016

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Early Summer Heat Waves in June

Hotday.newyork.washsquarepark

 

Although the official definition of a heat wave is three or more consecutive days with highs of 90° or hotter, I've relaxed it a bit for this analysis and have included days in the upper 80s, as well as one or two cooler days if they fell between periods of hot weather.  With that established, here are eleven of the more notable hot spells that have occurred in the past 100 years.

 

HOT IN JUNE

2008 (June 7-10) - Although just four days long, the average high was 94.8°, the second hottest of June hot spells. 

2003 (June 24-27) - Besides four readings in the 90s this hot spell also had a low of 79° on June 26, the warmest low in June since 1984 (but it came sixteen days later than 1984's).  Interestingly, even with these four hot days, the month was 2.6 degrees cooler than average (and the coolest in 31 years).  Without these four days the month was four degrees below average. 

1994 (June 14-26) -  At 13 days this is the lengthiest warm spell in June (June 1953 had one of twelve days).  Six days were in the 90s.  The high on June 18 reached 98°; three days earlier, the high was 96°.  The month became the third warmest June on record. 

1984 (June 7-13) - The  hottest period in the summer of 1984 occurred during this seven-day stretch in the second week of June.  The average high/low during this week-long steam bath was 93°/75°, with six of the seven days having highs in the 90s (the rest of the summer had four 90-degree days).  The mean temperature of 83.8 was the second hottest for June hot spells, just 0.1 degree below a four-day heat wave in the middle of June 1956.  But it was the most above average, +14 degrees.  The low on the morning of June 10 was 79°, seventeen degrees above average (and one degree higher than the date's average high).

 

Sweltering.hot

 

1966 (June 20 - July 15) - This hot spell began on June 20 and stretched thru mid-July, but even just the 11 days in June makes it one of the lengthiest for the month.  It's probably best remembered for the 101° high on June 27 (second earliest date for a triple-digit high).  The period in June and July were both seven degrees above average.  And earlier in June there was a six-day period that saw temperatures 10 degrees above average.  Overall, this became the second warmest June on record. 

1957 (June 12-19) - This eight-day long stretch of hot weather duplicated a mid-June heat wave from the previous year, but this one lasted twice as long.  These days were eleven degrees above average, with the last five days all in the 90s (peaking at 95° and 96° on 6/16 and 6/17, respectively). 

1956 (June 13-16) - The mean temperature during this four-day heat wave, 83.9° (13 degrees above average), is the highest of all the periods in this analysis.  On June 14 the high reached 99°. 

1952 (June 15-27) - This stands out because two hot periods, of five days and three days, book-ended three days with highs only in the 60s (averaging 63°).  It's also memorable for having the earliest date for a 100-degree high (June 26) - and the only low in June in the 80s (81°).  There was also a high of 99° on June 25.   

1943 (June 19-28) - Eight of the ten days were in the 90s, including highs of 99° on June 25 and 98° on June 27.  This would become the warmest June on record (a position it still holds).

 

Hotweather.pinterest

 

1925 (June 1-7) - This week-long hot spell during the first week of the month had an average high of 95.0°, twenty-one degrees above average, making it the hottest average high of any of the June heat waves in this analysis.  This included back-to-back highs of 99° on June 4 and 5 (which followed a high of 98° on June 3).  June would be the warmest month of the summer of '25, and at the time it was the warmest June on record (it now ranks sixth). 

1921(June 21-29) - Although the amount wasn't excessive, this is the June hot spell with the most rain.  Six of the nine days had rain, which totaled 1.47" (and 0.78" fell on 6/30).  These nine days saw a four-day heat wave at the onset as well as two days with highs of 88° and two with highs of 89°.  Average high during this sultry period was 89°.

 

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June 2014 Weather Recap: No 90-Degree Days, But Warmer Than Average

June

2014 is the first year since 1985 to have no 90-degree days during its first six months.  And June joined eighteen others since 1872 with no such days (a typical June has three).  But despite this lack of "hot" days, June 2014 was 1.0 degree above average.  (Its mean temperature was similar to that of the previous three Junes, which had three to five 90-degree readings.)  In fact, it was the warmest of any of the Junes without 90-degree readings.  Here are the five warmest:

 

5 Warmest Junes With No 90s  
       
    Mean   
June   Temp  
2014   72.4  
1960   71.8  
1917   70.3  
1877   70.2  
1935   70.1  
Source: NY Local Climatological Data

 

Besides having no 90-degree days, what made this June stand out was that it had only three days with lows in the 50s (the average number is eight).  Since 1970 only June 1981 had fewer (two).  

 

Average2What also made June 2014 interesting was the fact that it had an unusually high number of days with daily mean temperatures that were close to average.  In a typical month six days have a mean temperature that falls between one degree above and one below average.  This June had 13 such days.  No other June since 1970 (as far as I went back) has had that many.  And only one other month had more, July 1975 with 14. 

 

Additionally, of the days with cooler than average temperatures, the most below average was just -4 degrees (there were three such days), whereas there were above average days of +7 (two), +8 and +11.

 

90degreesSo how many 90-degree days might we expect for the rest of the summer?  In those years in which the first 90 didn't come until after July 1 they averaged nine 90-degree days, which is about half of the number of an average year.  (The average number of days after July 1 is 12.)  The most 90-degree days for one of these "late summers" was fifteen in 1911 and fourteen in 1972.  

 

 

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Summertime in New York as Portrayed by Covers of The New Yorker

The-new-yorker-logo.jpg

 

Covers of The New Yorker not only capture the personality of the residents of New York but also the beauty and humor of the various seasons there.  This post looks at my favorite covers that celebrate summertime in the City, either through humor, childhood memories or the depiction of leisurely stay-vacations in the area. 

 

William-steig-the-new-yorker-cover-june-6-1959
Sweet Relief (June 6, 1959)

 

Abe-birnbaum-the-new-yorker-cover-july-29-1961
By the Sea, By the Sea, By the Beautiful Sea (July 29, 1961)

 

Abe-birnbaum-the-new-yorker-cover-june-1-1963
Congestion on the Hudson (June 1, 1963)

 

James-stevenson-the-new-yorker-cover-august-5-1967
At the Shore (Aug. 5, 1967)

 

Ilonka-karasz-the-new-yorker-cover-august-24-1968
Greeting Their Master (Aug. 24, 1968)

 

Ilonka-karasz-the-new-yorker-cover-august-15-1970
Baking (Aug. 15, 1970)

 

Charles-saxon-the-new-yorker-cover-september-2-1972
Above the Fray (Sept. 2, 1972)

 

Donald-reilly-the-new-yorker-cover-june-10-1972
El Sol (June 10, 1972)

 

James-stevenson-the-new-yorker-cover-august-13-1973
Manhattan High (Aug. 13, 1973)

 

James-stevenson-the-new-yorker-cover-august-23-1976
Far From the Madding Crowd (Aug. 23, 1976)

 

Jean-jacques-sempe-the-new-yorker-cover-august-11-1997
Not a Care in the World (Aug. 11, 1977)

 

Lonni-sue-johnson-the-new-yorker-cover-august-16-1982
Hazy, Hot & Humid (Aug. 16,1982 )

 

Arthur-getz-the-new-yorker-cover-july-19-1982
Perfect Summer Day (July 19, 1982)

 

Heidi-goennel-the-new-yorker-cover-august-20-1984
Life's A Beach (Aug. 20, 1984)

 

Andrej-czeczot-the-new-yorker-cover-july-21-1986
Lazy, Hazy, Crazy Days of Summer (July 21, 1986)

 

Susan-davis-the-new-yorker-cover-august-24-1987
UV Protection (Aug. 24, 1987)

 

Eric-drooker-the-new-yorker-cover-june-12-1995
Summer in the City (June 12, 1995)

 

Harry-bliss-the-new-yorker-cover-august-1-2005
King Kong & the Super Soaker (Aug. 1, 2005)

 

Roz-chast-the-new-yorker-cover-august-7-2006
Not All Therapists Take August Off (Aug. 7, 2006)

 

Barry-blitt-the-new-yorker-cover-july-23-2007
Hot Fun in the Summertime (July 23, 2007)

 

New yorker - august 2017

I've written a similar post about my favorite wintertime covers.  Large reproductions of these covers, as well as every New Yorker cover (nearly 5,000), are available for purchase on Conde Nast's website.  (And small versions are sold by street vendors throughout midtown Manhattan.)

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Weather Analysis: A Tale of Three Junes

Rain

 

The three Junes I'm referring to are those of 2013, 2009 and 2003.  They are New York's three rainiest Junes on record, with all receiving more than ten inches (10.26", 10.10" and 10.05", respectively).  But whereas 2003 and 2009 were much cooler than average (2003 is tied for 9th coolest), June 2013 was warmer than average.  Additionally, much of 2013's rain fell in a two-week period while 2009's fell in a 3-week period and 2003's was dispersed throughout.  In fact, going into the second half of the month it appeared 2013 had a sure shot at supplanting 2003 as wettest June as it had already received 9.60".  But then only 0.50" fell for the rest of the month and it fell 0.16" short of the record.

 

COMPARISON OF 3 JUNES  
           
    Departure Rainfall
Year Mean Temp From Norm Total 1st Half 2nd Half
2013 72.7 1.2 10.10" 9.60" 0.50"
2009 67.5 -3.7 10.05" 5.31" 4.74"
2003 68.4 -2.8 10.26" 7.33" 2.93"

 

 


Today in New York Weather History: June 18

 

1967

Today was Father's Day, and after a seasonably warm and dry day, flooding rains dumped 1.83" of rain in the two hours between 9-11 PM.  Rain continued through mid-afternoon on 6/19, at much lower rates, totaling 3.18".  This heavy rain was attributed to a tropical depression that moved up the coast.

1995

It was a sunny and hot Father's Day as the high reached 90°.  This was also the first 90-degree day of the year, the latest date for this occurrence in ten years (it typically occurs at the end of May).

 

Fathers.day

1997

During a thunderstorm, 0.36" of rain fell in just five minutes time between 12:05-12:10 AM on 6/19, and 0.64" fell in fifteen minutes between 12:04-12:19 AM.  Because the National Weather Service doesn't recognize Daylight Saving Time, and uses Standard Time year-round for its records, this rainfall was credited to 6/18.

2006

Similar to 1995, today was Father's Day and the high of 91° was the first 90-degree reading of the year.  (The next 90-degree reading on Father's Day would be in 2018.)

2009

2.30" of rain fell today, a record for the date.  Rain fell until 5:30 PM, preventing the afternoon temperature from getting higher than 64°, sixteen degrees below average.  Today's rain brought the month's total to 7.61", making this the rainiest month since April 2007.   

2014

Although this year's meteorological summer (June 1 thru Aug. 31) would have eight days in the 90s, today, with a high/low of 89°/76°, saw the warmest mean temperature of the year until Sept. 2 (which had a high/low of 92°/77°).

2017

It was a sultry Father's Day, with the dew point in the low 70s throughout the day, peaking at 74° early in the afternoon.  Combined with a high of 85°, the heat index reached the low 90s.

2018

Yesterday and today both had highs of 91°, but there was a distinct difference between the two days in terms of comfort level as today was much more humid.  As a result, today's heat index rose to 96°, which was nine degrees hotter than yesterday (this afternoon's dew point was in the low 70s, while it was only in the upper 40s yesterday).

 

What a difference a day makes
  

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Today in New York Weather History: June 17

 

1978

Winds off the ocean from the southeast created a bank of clouds that resulted in there being just a two degree difference between the high and low.  And although the low of 62° was seasonable, the high of 64° was sixteen degrees below the norm.    

1989

In the past two weeks rain fell during twelve of the days, amounting to 7.28".  Coincidentally, last summer had an equally wet two-week period that coincided with the same date range, with just about the same amount of rain measured (7.44").

 

Umbrellas_nyc

2001

A lot of rain fell overnight and throughout the morning, totaling 1.53".  This was a record amount for the date (broken ten years later).  Then skies quickly cleared in the afternoon, salvaging Father's Day.

2004

After a muggy afternoon, in which the high reached 87°, 0.57" of rain poured down during a thunderstorm between 5-6 PM.  Then more thundershowers popped up later and an additional 0.42" fell.  

2010

This was the fifth morning in a row with a low temperature of either 64° or 65° (a few degrees above average).  Today and 6/13's low of 65° book-ended three days with lows of 64°.

2011

Two thunderstorms moved through before dawn and then two more during the afternoon, dropping 1.82" in Central Park's rain bucket, a record for the date (breaking the previous record set ten years earlier).     

 

Clipart_severe_thstorm

2014

It was very warm and humid, but the first 90-degree day of the year was not to be as the high topped out at 89° (it reached 91° in Newark).  However, the first 70-degree low of the year was registered (two weeks later than usual).

2017

The 1.39" of rain that fell between 11:30 AM and 2 PM was nearly three times the amount that had fallen so far this month (0.48"), and almost equal to the amount that fell since May 23 (1.42"). 

2018

Mostly clear and hot, with a high of 91°, making this the first Father's Day to reach the 90s in twelve years.   Today's heat was somewhat mitigated by low humidity (24% during mid-afternoon), which produced a "feels like" temperature three degrees cooler than the air temperature.  Today's high was 37 degrees hotter than Mother's Day.

 

Fathersday

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Today in New York Weather History: Father's Day (1970 - 2020)

 

Fathers_day
 

1970 (June 21)

A cool day (high/low of 65/58) with 0.45" of rain between 1:00 and 4:00 PM.

1971 (June 20)

Under a mix of sun and clouds the high temperature reached 84°, four degrees above average.

1972 (June 18)

It was a very soggy day with steady rain falling from noon onward, amounting to 1.37".  Temperatures stayed in the 60s all day. 

1974 (June 16)

A late morning thunderstorm between 11 AM and noon dumped 0.42" of rain.  The rest of the day was overcast and the afternoon high rose only into the low 70s.

 

Fathers day

1977 (June 19)

Warm and humid with a high/low of 88°/74°, eight degrees above average.

1985 (June 16)

Rain fell overnight until 7 AM, and then a thunderstorm moved through between 7-8 PM.  In total, 1.19" of rain fell, making this the rainiest Father's Day since 1972.

1987 (June 21)

An inch of rain fell between 4-5 AM and then the daylight hours were overcast, foggy and oppressive.  Meanwhile, LaGuardia Airport picked up nearly four inches of rain while JFK had very little.  The overcast skies kept the temperature nearly 20 degrees cooler than yesterday's torrid high of 96°. 

 

Clipart_sweating_thermometer

 

1991 (June 16)

The day was miserably hot under hazy sunshine.  Today's sweltering high/low of 94°/76° was fifteen degrees above average.

1993 (June 20)

Warm and humid with a high of 85°.  Thunderstorms after 10 PM produced 0.50" of rain, making this the rainiest day of a dry June.

1994 (June 19)

Not only was this the hottest day of the summer, but also the hottest Father's Day on record, as the high reached 98° (eighteen degrees above average), after a low of 75°.  This tied June 22, 1988 for the highest temperature in June since 1966's 101°.

Sizzle

1995 (June 18)

Sunny and hot, the first 90-degree day of the year.

2001 (June 17)

A lot of rain fell overnight and throughout the morning, totaling 1.53".  This was a record amount for the date (broken 10 years later) and the rainiest Father's Day in the 1970-2019 period (topping 1972).  Then skies cleared quickly in the afternoon.

 

Clipart_raingraphic

2004 (June 20)

The morning low of 57° was the same as that on Father's Day 1997 and 1992, the coolest readings on the holiday in the 1970-2020 period.

2006 (June 18)

Today's high of 91° was the first 90-degree reading of the year. 

2014 (June 15)

If you forgot to buy Dad a necktie there was no need to fret since the weather was gift enough as skies were mostly clear and the afternoon temperature rose to a seasonable 80°.

2015 (June 21)

Significant rain that had been predicted from the remnants of tropical storm Bill didn't materialize as just 0.25" fell overnight (1.50" had been forecast).  However, with this storm being a dud, Father's Day turned out to be nice and summery, with temperatures in the upper 80s under partly cloudy skies.  Then a quick downpour between 6:00 and 6:20 PM dumped more rain than what fell in the wee hours of the morning.

2016 (June 19)

It was a beautiful, beautiful Father's Day, with a high/low of 88°/66° under deep blue skies.

2017 (June 18)

It was a sultry day, with the dew point in the low 70s throughout the day, peaking at 74° early in the afternoon.  Combined with a high of 85°, the heat index reached the low 90s.

2018 (June 17)

Mostly clear and hot, with a high of 91°, the first Father's Day in the 90s in twelve years. This high was 37 degrees hotter than Mother's Day.  Today's heat was somewhat mitigated by low humidity (24% during mid-afternoon), which produced a "feels like" temperature three degrees cooler than the air temperature.  

 

Rob frydlewicz with father, 1960
 Me with my dad, winter 1960

 

 

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Looking Back at New York Weather: June 16

 

1967

With a high of 96°/71°, today was the hottest day of the year.  The high was one degree shy of the 1891 record.  This was the fifth June in a row to have a high of 95° or hotter - the longest such June streak on record.

 

Overheated car

1981

Today's high soared to 93°, the first 90-degree day of the year.  This was the latest date for the summer's first 90 since 1963, when it occurred on June 24.  (The typical date is in late May.)  Besides the heat, there was unbearable humidity to contend with as the dew point in the early afternoon reached 80°, producing a heat index of 109°.  In the years since 1950, this dew point is the highest on record for Central Park.

1982

After a warm and sticky day, with a high/low of 87°/68°, thunderstorms moved in after dark.  The rain came down heaviest between 11 PM-1 AM when 0.58" fell.

 

Clipart_thstorm

1985

Today was Father's Day, and rain fell overnight until 7 AM, and then a thunderstorm moved through between 7-8 PM.  In total 1.19" of rain fell.

1988

This was the fifth day in a row with 90-degree temperatures, the longest heat wave since one that lasted seven days in July 1983.  The average high during these five days was 93°.

 

Tropicalheatwave

1989

0.21" of rain fell tonight, bringing the total rainfall in the past eleven days (since June 6) to 7.16".  Additionally, low temperatures between June 9 and today were all in the 58°-60° range; (average low during this is in the low 60s).  High temperatures, however, ranged between 61° and 84°.

1990

For the third day in a row the low temperature was 60° (three degrees below average).  High temperatures, however, were very different: 68° on 6/14; 81° on 6/15; and 85° today.

1991

It was a miserably hot and humid Father's Day.  Under hazy sunshine, the day's high/low of 94°/76° was fifteen degrees above average.

 

Clipart_sweating_thermometer

1998

Today was the first 80-degree day of June (after there were ten May), as well as the first day this month with an above-average mean temperature (+3 degrees).  This was the latest date for the first 80-degree reading since 1916 (when it occurred on June 18).

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Today in New York Weather History: June 15

 

1933

Less than a week after a record high of 97° (6/9), this morning's low of 48° was half that temperature, and also a record.

1971

Showery (0.32" fell) and cool, with a high/low of just 60°/56°.  The high temperature was nineteen degrees below average and more in line with the second week of April.

1974

High temperatures of today and the previous three days: 79° (today)-78°-77°-76°. 

1983

Today's high was 92°, the fourth day in a row with a high in the 90s.

1988

For the second day in a row the high reached 96°.

1989

Overcast skies, AM drizzle, and winds off the ocean resulted in just a three-degree difference between today's high (61°) and low (58°).  The low was five degrees below average, but the high was 19 degrees below the norm.

1994

Today's high reached 96°.  This was the first of four days in the next 30 days with a high of 96° or hotter.

1998

Today was the fifteenth consecutive day with cooler than average temperatures.  During these days high temperatures ranged between 65° and 73° (average is 78°).  This made the first half of June six degrees cooler than average.

2014

Today was Father's Day, and if you forgot to give your Dad a necktie there was no need to fret since the weather was enough of a gift as skies were mostly clear and the afternoon temperature rose to a seasonable 80°.  Today's low of 59° was the third, and last, day with a low in the 50s this month, the fewest since June 1996 (which also had three, all in the first three days of the month).