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A Look Back at 2023's Weather - New York's Warmest Year on Record




Despite a summer with temperatures that were slightly below average, 2023 unseated 2012 as New York City's warmest year on record.  What captured the crown for 2023 were four very mild months: January (mildest on record, 9.8 degrees above average); February (third mildest); April (second mildest); and December (second mildest). 

 Chart - 2023 became NYCs warmest year

Although 2023 had the warmest average temperature on record (i.e., the average of the high and low), it ranked third for average high (behind 1991 and 1990). 

  Chart - 5 warmest years by temp  high  low (2023) 

Not only was the year very mild, it was also a wet one, the eleventh wettest on record, with 59.26" measured (2021 is ranked tenth, with 59.73".)   Rainfall was nearly ten inches above average (and thirteen inches more than 2022).  This ten-inch overage was largely due to September, which had 14.25" of rain - the fourth greatest monthly amount on record.  


Despite the excessive precipitation, consistently mild wintertime temperatures (third mildest winter on record) weren't conducive to snow, and the 2.3" that fell (from three snowfalls of 0.4", 1.8", and 0.1") was the smallest amount Central Park reported for any winter.  The previous winter with the least snowfall was 1972-73, with 2.8" (average winter snowfall is about 26"). 


The year had four months with 6.50” or more of rain: April (7.70"); August (6.56"); September (14.25"); and December (6.71").  These four months accounted for 60% of the year's precipitation.  Only five other years have had this many months with 6.50" of precipitation (2018, 2007, 1989, 1983 and 1901).  


Despite 2023 receiving ten inches more precipitation than average, it was the eleventh year to have three months in the first half of the year with less than two inches of precipitation.  February and May were the driest months of the year, with both receiving just 1.28”.  And June wasn't far off, with 1.62".  


There were 12 days with highs in the 90s in 2023, the fewest since 2014, which had eight (average is 17 days).  The year's hottest temperature was just 93°; the last time a summer had a hottest reading this "cool" was in 2014.  Additionally, June had the fewest highs in the 80s since June 1985, and August was the first since August 1986 to have no readings in the 90s.  But while the number of days in the 90s was well below average, the number of lows in the 70s was well above average (50). 


Here are some other interesting aspects of 2023:

  • Every day in January had above average temperatures.
  • The winter of 2023's first measurable snow didn't happen until 2/1, the latest date for this occurrence of any winter.
  • April 2023 became  just the sixth April to have two days with highs in the 90s.  And the low of 70° on 4/14 was the earliest reading in the 70s on record.
  • The year's first reading in the 90s was very early, on 4/13, and the last reading in the 80s was very late, on 10/28.
  • 2023's hottest reading of 93° was three degrees cooler than the typical hottest reading of a year, and the year's lowest temperature, 3° on 2/4, was six degrees colder than the typical coldest reading of a year. 
  • A typical year has 70 days with lows of 32° or colder, but in 2023 there were only 28 such days.  And there was just one day with a high of 32° or colder (the average is 18 days).
  • Three inches of September's rain fell in an hour on 9/29 (during a rainstorm that dumped 5.48" in total).
  • The first three weeks of April had just 0.40" of rain, but the month ended up being the seventh rainiest April after 7.30” fell in the last nine days of the month.  The rain was from three rainstorms, each producing more than two inches of rain.
  • Smoke from forest fires in Canada choked the area in an orange-colored haze during June 7-8 and again on the last three days of the month (but it wasn't as bad as the first round).

Orange new york haze-breslov institute


Here are recaps of previous years:











Today in New York Weather History: May 21


1924 (Wednesday)

On a showery day, the high/low was only 50°/47°.  The high was 20 degrees below average.


1971 (Friday)

Although just 0.03" of rain fell (between 3-4 PM), it was the first measurable rainfall on this date in 17 years.  The day was gray and cool with a high of only 60°.


1985 (Tuesday)

Heavy rain fell between 5-11 PM, amounting to 1.60".  During one 15-minute period (between 6:55-7:10 PM), 0.48" of rain poured down.


1996 (Tuesday)

This was the second day in a row with a record high as the mercury topped out at 93°.  The next 90-degree day wouldn't be for another two months (and it would be the only other 90-degree day of the summer.) 




2002 (Tuesday)

This was the last of four consecutive days with morning lows in the chilly low 40s, well below the average of 55°.


2012 (Monday)

After four days in a row of sunny and mild weather, today was a gray, rainy Monday.  1.40" of rain fell, with a particularly heavy downpour occurring during AM rush hour, with 0.57" measured between 9-10:00.


2013 (Tuesday)

Today was just the second 80-degree day of the year, coming six weeks after the first (4/9).  This was the greatest number of days between the first and second 80-degree day in eight years, when there was a gap of 45 days.  (The longest gap in the years since 1900 was 58 days in 1928).  Today's high of 86° was the warmest reading since the first week of September 2012.




2022 (Saturday)

At long last the temperature reached the 80s for the first time this year, the latest date for this occurrence since 1988.  This is the tenth latest date on record.  And with a high of 90°, this was just the fourth year to have the first 80 and first 90 occur on the same date (joining 1918, 1927 and 2010).  This was the first reading in the 90s in May since 2018. 

Besides the heat, the air was oppressive, with afternoon dew points in the 68-70° range.  The morning low of 62° was the coolest on a day with a high in the 90s since 2010, when there was a low of low of 56° on 4/7 (the earliest date on record for a reading in the 90s).





A Taste of Summer: The Year's First High of 80+

Since 1980, the average date of the first reading of 80° or warmer is April 21 (a month later than the average date of the first reading of 70°+).  This is about a week earlier than 1900-1979, and two weeks earlier than the 1869-1899 period.  It's happened as early as March 13 (in 1990) and as late as June 7 (in 1924).  1918, 1927,  2010, and 2022 had their first reading of 80+ occur on the same date as each year's first high in the 90s. 


The average high temperature on the day before the first 80+ reading has been 70°, on the day of the first 80+, it's been 83°, and the high on the day following has averaged 74°. 


About one-third of the years have had a day of 80° or warmer on the day following the first 80+, but 16 years didn't have their second high of 80°+ for four weeks or more.  The greatest number of days to elapse before the second 80+ reading was 57 in 1928 (April 6-June 1).  The most recent lengthy hiatus was 41 days in 2013 (April 10-May 20).


Eight years have had their first 80+ high in March.  The first time it happened was in 1921, the most recent occurrence was 100 years later, in 2021.  Meanwhile, a first 80+ in June has occurred just once (1924).


Chart - earliest and latest first 80


On the day with the first high of 80° or warmer, the diurnal variation has averaged 27 degrees (this compares to a 14-degree variation for any day of the year).  The  greatest variation was 43 degrees in 1929, when the high/low was 89°/46°.   The smallest variation was 16 degrees in 1908 (81°/65°).


Chart - greatest diurnal variation on day of first 80

The chilliest low on the day of  the first 80+ reading was 43° in 1936 and, again, in 1990.  The warmest low was 68° in 1898.  The chilliest day-before a high of 80+ was 49°, in 1977.  The chilliest day-after high was 50° in 1921, and 51° in 1939.


29 years (about once every five years) had a warmer reading on the day after the first 80+ reading.  The warmest day-after reading was 93° in 1988.   The last time the day-after was warmer was in 2009, when the  high was 92° (the first 80+ reading that year was 88°).  The warmest day-before reading was 79°, which has happened in four years, most recently in 1955.  (And ten other years had a day-before high of 78°.)


April 19 is the date that's had the most first 80+ occurrences - in ten years.  And it's happened in seven years on April 25.   The most consecutive years to have the first 80+ occur in May is six, from 1873-1878. 


There have been six pairs of years in which the date of the first 80+ was the same:

> April 18, in 2015 and 2016

> April 15, in 2002 and 2003

> April 19, in 1972 and 1973

> April 26, in 1969 and 1970

> May 16, 1931 and 1932 (and in 1933, the date was 5/15)

> April 19, in 1914 and 1915


There have been six pairs of back-to-back years in which the dates of the first 80+ were at opposite ends of the early/late spectrum.

> 2021 - March 26/ 2022 - May 21

> 1997 - May 19/ 1998 - March 27

> 1988 - May 23/ 1989 - March 28

> 1984 - May 23/1985 - March 29

> 1945 - March 20/ 1946 - May 25

> 1920 - May 28/ 1921 - March 21


Finally, measurable rain has fallen on the day of the first 80+ reading in 20% of the years (similar to the day of the first reading of 70+).  The biggest rainfall on this date was 0.67" in 1984 (May 23) as afternoon thunderstorms moved in after the temperature peaked at 81°; the second most was 0.60" in 1951 (4/29).

  80 plus



Today in New York Weather History: December 17




Dec. 17 is the average date of the first high temperature of 32° or colder (based on the period 1970-2020).  It's happened as early as Nov. 22 (in 2008) and Nov. 23 (1989), and as late as Jan. 20 (1986).  In more than half of the years the first high of 32° or colder was 31° or 32°, but it's been as cold as 20° (which happened in the winter of 2007-08, when it occurred late, on Jan 3).   


1904 (Saturday)

A snowfall of six inches (three inches this evening, three inches tomorrow morning) came four days after a snowfall of seven inches.


1919 (Wednesday)

Four days after the temperature reached 61°,  tonight, shortly before midnight, the mercury dropped to one degree above zeroThis was the first of fifteen days this winter with lows in the single digits or colder.


Arrow down


1932 (Saturday)

Snow that began late in the morning continued through early morning on 12/18, amounting to 7.2".  Today's temperatures were also very cold, with a high/low of only 21°/10°.  (The snow was gone by Christmas Day, which had a high of 59°.)  The next measurable snowfall wouldn't be for another seven weeks (2/4).


1951 (Monday)

Today's frigid high/low of 20°/8° (22 degrees below average) would be the coldest day of the winter.  Skies were clear.


1971 (Friday)

This was the twelfth day in a row with above average temperatures.  During these dozen days temperatures were ten degrees above average.  Even after passage of a cold front early this morning, and temperatures falling throughout the day, the mean temperature was five degrees above the norm.  This stretch of mild weather followed a two-week period of colder than average weather. 


1973 (Monday)

The epic ice storm that began yesterday afternoon continued through this morning.  Conditions were worse than yesterday as sleet and freezing rain fell at an even heavier rate.  In total, 1.46" of precipitation fell - all in the form of sleet or freezing rain.  The temperature stayed below freezing all day, and by midnight had fallen to 17°. 




1996 (Tuesday)

Light showers through early afternoon amounted to 0.12".  This was the 146th day this year with measurable precipitation, establishing 1996 as the year with the most days of precipitation in the 20th century, passing 1972, the previous crown holder.  And there would be six additional days of precipitation before the year ended.  (The average number days of precipitation per year is 121.)


1998 (Thursday)

Today was the 25th day in a row with above-average temperatures.  During this stretch of mild days temperatures were ten degrees above normal.  (This would be the mildest December since 1984.)




2000 (Sunday)

Today's high of 62° was a record for the date, just one of five days with above-average temperatures during a December that was quite cold (5.5 degrees below average) - the coldest since 1989. 


2001 (Monday)

This was the 18th day in a row in which no low temperature was duplicated.  During these days (beginning on Nov. 30) they ranged between 32° and 58° - all above average.


2012 (Monday)

Only three degrees separated the day's high (43°) and low (40°) on a raw, "gloomy Gus" kind of day. 


2013 (Tuesday)

Light snow, occasionally mixed with sleet, fell throughout the daytime hours and amounted to 1.5".  This was the fourth snowfall of the past ten days, totaling 8.6".  Three of these snow "events" delivered one-inch+ - the most such snowfalls in December since 2005.  Besides being snowy, the ten days since 12/8 were also quite cold, with the average high/low of 35°/26° nearly eight degrees below the norm.  




2015 (Thursday)

It was a mild and rainy day.  The 1.25" of rain that was measured in Central Park fell mostly between 11 AM and 4 PM.  This was the eighth day in a row that had a mean temperature more than 10° degrees above average.  The average high/low during these days was 63°/52° - nineteen degrees above average.


2016 (Saturday)

Six days after the first measurable snow of the winter (0.4"), today saw the first snowfall of one inch or more as 2.8" accumulated between 4-8 AM.  Then it changed to sleet, then to freezing rain, all of which was over by noon.  (By contrast, last winter's first one-inch snowfall wasn't until 1/23 - the blizzard that buried the City under its biggest snowfall on record.)


Snow_december 2016


2018 (Monday)

Light wraparound showers in the wee hours of the morning (amounting to just 0.03"), remnants from yesterday's rainstorm, made this the 152nd day this year with measurable precipitation, tying 1996 for the all-time record.  What distinguishes 2018 from 1996 is that its total precipitation for the year was more than five inches above 1996's (with two weeks remaining in 2018).


2021 (Friday)

Just three days after Central Park registered its lowest humidity level in December this century (20% later in the afternoon), today had an even lower humidity level - 14% (also during late afternoon).  As low as this was, it was twice as high as the 7%  humidity reported on 4/6 of this year.








Stuck in the 70s


Gray skies new york skyline


Despite what the headline suggests, this post isn't about people obsessed with 1970s pop culture.  Rather, it's a discussion about days that have had both their high and low temperatures in the 70s.  These type of days occur infrequently - about once or twice each year.  33 years (since 1869) have never registered such a day, 53 have had one instance; the most days in one year was ten, which happened in 1905.  In 2017 and 2018 there were five occurrences, joining just ten other years that had five or more (see chart below).  Temperatures stuck in the 70s usually occur when tropical air is in place, the day is hazy/overcast, and rain is in the air. 



  • The warmest low in the 70s to be accompanied by a high temperature below 80° is 74°, which has happened three times - first in August 1901, then in August 1973, and very recently in July 2023.  The first two had a high of 79°; in 2023 the high was 78°.  (For reference, the average high when lows are between 70°-74° is around 86°).
  • The most consecutive days with temperatures in the 70s all day is five, in 1905 (Aug. 30-Sept. 3).
  • The most consecutive years without any "all-70" days is four, from 1962 to 1965 (and six out of seven years from 1962 to 1968).  By contrast, there were 21 of these days in the three-year period 1905, 1906 and 1907; they had ten, five and six of these days, respectively.
  • The first decade of the 20th century had more "stuck in the 70s" days than the next three decades combined (38 vs. 37).  The 1890s had the second greatest number - 34. The decade that just ended, i.e., the 2010s, had 26 occurrences.
  • The latest occurrences for a high/low in the 70s were in 2017, on Oct. 8 and 9 (at the time, the 9th was the latest date for a low in the 70s - until the following year).  The earliest occurrences were on June 4 and 5 in 1960.
  • The dates most likely to have experienced a day entirely in the 70s are: 7/23, 7/29, 8/9, and 8/12 - all of which have had seven such occurrences.
  • One out of four of these days either had no measurable rain (half were before 1935), while another one out of four received more than a half-inch of rain.  The greatest rainfall was in 1990, when 4.64" fell on Aug. 10 (the high/low was 76°/70°).  Four other days with substantial rainfall were associated with Hurricanes Connie and Irene, in Aug. 1955 (2.70") and Aug. 2011 (2.88"), respectively, and tropical storms Fay in July 2020 (2.54") and Henri in Aug. 2021 (2.67").


Chart - stuck in the 70s



September 2016 Weather Review - Summer Hangs On


September song


September 2016 was characterized by seasonable temperatures at both the beginning and end of the month and unseasonably warm conditions during the days in between (Sept. 6-23); temperatures during this summery two-and-a-half week period were nearly seven degrees above average.  As a whole the month was 3.8 degrees warmer than average, tying Sept. 1983 and 1884 as the tenth warmest on record (this followed the third hottest August). 


Three days had highs in the 90s and seven had mean temperatures that were ten degrees or more above average (one of which was the first day of autumn).  There were just five days with below average temperatures.  The most below average was 9/30, with a high of 59/56 (it was the high that was below average, by 11 degrees) - this was the first day in September with a high in the 50s in fifteen years. 


50 Deg Highs in Sept 


  • The high on Labor Day was 84°, which was the same as Fourth of July and very close to Memorial Day's high (82°).  This was just the third time since 1970 that that three summer holidays had very similar highs.  But whereas Memorial Day's high was seven degrees above average and Labor Day's five above, 4th of July's was at the seasonal average.
  • On Sept 11 the heat index was 101°.
  • The three 90-degree days in September brought the year's total to 22, five above average and the most since 2010.  The 91-degree reading on 9/14 was the latest high in the 90s since 1995 (when it occurred on 9/15).
  • Although September's rainfall was below average, more fell than in August (2.79" vs. 1.97").  There were no storms that produced an inch or more of rain but three had a half-inch or more (on 9/14, 0.56" poured down in an hour during a late afternoon thunderstorm).  The rainiest day was 9/19 when 0.68" fell.  Since March, all but one month (July, with 7.02") has had below average rainfall, resulting in a deficit of nearly 10 inches in these seven months (20.91" vs. 30.78") .


September sun






















Longest Streaks of Above Average Temperatures




What helped December 2015 become the warmest on record was the lack of any cold outbreaks whatsoever.  The coldest temperature was 34°, the first time the month of December reported no temperature of 32° or colder.  This lack of cold weather resulted in above average mean temperatures every day of the month - a first for any month.  This streak of above-average temperatures continued through Jan. 3.  At 34 days it's the longest on record, breaking the former record by two days.  Additionally, this streak was 12.5 degrees above average, the largest departure of any streak of 20 days or more, all of which are listed below.  (Please note that, unlike other weather statistics, the tracking of each day's "Departure from Average" only goes back to 1953.) 


# of Days     Date Range


Above Average
























Dec 1, 2015 - Jan 3, 2016

Dec 10, 2006 - Jan 10, 2007

Jan 15 - Feb 13, 1998

Aug 17 - Sept 12, 1983

Nov 23 - Dec 17, 1998

Mar 13 - Apr 6, 1953

July 13 - Aug 5, 1995

Sept 20 - Oct 11, 2007

Feb 17 - Mar 10, 1998

Aug 24 - Sept 14, 1961

Feb 14 - Mar 7, 1961

June 28 - July 18, 2012

Dec 3 - 23, 1999

Jan 15 - Feb 4, 1990

July 29 - Aug 18, 1988

Sept 21 - Oct 11, 1959

Jan 23 - Feb 11, 2012

Nov 20 - Dec 9, 2011

Mar 24 - Apr 12, 1981

























November 2015 - New York's Mildest November on Record


November 2015


Another warm weather trophy was placed in 2015's trophy case as November pushed aside November 2001 to become the mildest on record - by 0.1 degree.  It follows the warmest September, third warmest August and second warmest May.  Although the month's average high was 0.5 degrees cooler than November 2001's, it pulled ahead with an average low that was 0.6 degrees milder.  (The last day of the month was a nail-biter with a cooler than average high/low of 47°/33°.)  This November was 11.4 degrees warmer than average during the first week of the month while November 2001 was the reverse, experiencing its most unseasonably warm period during the final week of the month, averaging 13.6 degrees warmer than normal. 


Besides the mild temperatures both months were on the dry side, with November 2015 picking up 2.01" of rain and 2001, 1.36".  (Average amount is 4.02".)   All but 0.07" of 2015's rain came from two storms while much of 2001's came from one rain event.  


The following chart provides a side-by-side comparison of November 2015 and 2001:  



                                         2015    2001

Mean Temperature           52.8      52.7

Average High                    59.3      59.8

Average Low                     46.2      45.6

Highest Temp                     74°       75°

Coldest Temp                     32°       34° 

Highs of 60°+                     14         15

Days w/Mean Temp 10°+    7          8

    Above Average

Days w/Below Average        5          7

    Mean Temp   

Total Precipitation            2.01"     1.36"

Days of Precipitation            6         6




New Record Set for Most Days with Highs of 80 Degrees+




1944 ceded its #1 position to 2015 twice in regards to warm-temperature records.  First to fall was a streak of 80-degree+ days, which 2015 topped by three days (62 vs. 59); then a few weeks later 2015 once again passed 1944, this time to become the year with the most total days above 80°; by the end of September the number had risen to 114 vs. 1944's former top total of 108.




In a typical year nearly one-fourth of the days have highs in the 80s, but in 2015 one-third were 80°+.  However, the number of those days that were in the 90s was just slightly above average (20 vs. 17), ranking it 32nd among all years since 1900.  Among the ten years with the most 80°+ days (see chart below), 2015 had the fewest that were 90° or hotter.  As a result, the average temperature of 2015's days that were 80° or warmer was lower than all the other years (by one to three degrees). 


2015 set one more record pertaining to 80°+ days as every day in August had highs of 80°+.  Previous to this year the most 80° days in that month was 28.  This tied July 1944 as the only month to have every day in the 80s or warmer.  (And May 2015 set the record for most 80-degree days in May, with 18.)


(Since 1900)
  # of Days Average 
  80+ 90+ High
2015 114 20 85.2°
1944 108 37 87.5
1991 105 39 87.8
1959 104 27 86.6
2005 100 23 86.3
1949 100 29 86.5
2010 99 37 88.1
1983 98 36 87.8
1966 98 35 87.9
1941 98 29 86.4


Summer of 2015 Highlighted by Record Streak of Days Above 80 Degrees




The Arctic air that was entrenched over the Northeast during the harsh winter of 2015 became a distant memory later that summer when New York experienced 62 days in a row with high temperatures of 80° or warmer (July 10-Sept. 9).  This was a record streak, besting the previous record from 1944 by three days.  (On the day the streak ended the high was 79°.)  Of course, summertime temperatures in the 80s or warmer aren't unusual; what was unusual is that for nine weeks there were no incursions of Canadian air or back-door cold fronts from New England.  (These are responsible, on average, for twelve days with highs in the 70s or cooler in July and August.)  The average high during these weeks was 87.5°, five degrees above average.  Below are some other tidbits of interest:


  • This year's streak joined ten others that were five weeks or longer.  Among them, four have occurred since 2005.
  • 2015's s streak included 19 days in the 90s, but 1944's and 1966's (second and fifth longest, respectively) had even more, 30 and 23.  And among the ten longest streaks, the streak in 1966 was the hottest, with an average high temperature of 91°.
  • 2015's streak was instrumental in making the August 2015 the third hottest on record and July/August the fifth hottest.
  • Finally, this year's streak of warm days matched a streak of cold weather during the winter when another record was set - 61 days in a row with high temperatures that never went above 45°. 


# of      Average Days Days
Days Year Dates High 90s 80-81
62 2015 July 10 - Sept 9 87.5 19 4
59 1944 June 26 - Aug 23 89.7 30 5
41 2011 July 4 - Aug 13 88.8 17 1
41 1943 July 8 - Aug 17 87.4 14 1
40 1966 June 20 - July 29 91.0 23 2
37 1917 July 16 - Aug 21 86.1 5 3
36 1999 July 15 - Aug 19 89.5 17 2
35 2008 July 7 - Aug 10 86.4 7 7
35 2005 Aug 20 - Sept 23 84.2 3 6
35 1998 July 9 - Aug 12 85.5 3 3
35 1953 June 18 - July 22 88.6 15 2